बुधवार, 3 जून 2009

Comparative Study Between Islaam And Hinduism Part - 4


a. God need not take human form to understand human being.

Most of the other religions some time or the other believes in the philosophy of anthropomorphism i.e. God take human form. They have a very good logic for it Almighty God is so pure and Holy the he is unaware of the hardships, shortcomings, difficulties feelings etc. of the human being. He does not know how does a person feel when he is hurt or when he is in trouble etc. Therefore in order to set the rules for the human beings. He came down to the earth in the form of a human being. On the face of it, it seems to be a very good logic.

b. Creator prepares an instruction manual.

Suppose I manufacture a tape recorder. Do I have to become a tape recorder to know what is good or what is bad for the tape recorder. I writer an instruction manual. In order to listen to the audiocassette, insert the cassette and press the play button. In order to stop, press the stop button. If you want to fast-forward press the FF. button. Do not drop it from a height it will get damaged. Do not immerse it in water it will get spoilt. I write an instruction manual. The dos and don’ts for the machine.

c. Holy Qur’an is the instruction manual for the human being.

In the similar fashion our lord and creator Allah (SWT) need not come in the form of a human being to know what is good or bad for the human being. He only has to reveal the instruction manual the last and final instruction manual of the human beings is the Holy Qur’an.

The dos and don’ts for the human beings is mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

d. Allah chooses messengers:

Allah (SWT) need not come down personally for writing the instruction manual. He chooses a man amongst men to deliver the message and communication with him at a higher level through the revelation. Such chosen men are called as messengers and prophets of God.


1. Its mentioned in the Qur’an Surah Baqarah, Chapter 2, Verse 28

“How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life, And He gave you life; Then will He cause you to die, And will again bring you to life; And again to Him Will ye return”.

In Islam a human being comes into this world only once and after he dies, he is again resurrected on the day of judgement and depending upon the deeds he has done he will either dwell in heaven i.e. Paradise or in hell.

2. This life is the test for the here after

Its mentioned in the Qur’an

Surah Al Mulk, Chapter 67, Verse 2

“He who created Death and Life, that He May try which of you is best in deed; and He is the exalted in Might, oft forgiving.

This life that we lead in this world is a test for the here after. If we follow the commandment of the creator Almighty Allah and we pass the test, We shall enter Paradise i.e. Eternal Bliss. If you do not follow the commandments of our creator and fail the test then we shall be put into Hell.

3. Full Recompense on the Day of Judgement

Its mentioned in the Qur’an Surah Ali Imran, Chapter 3, Verse 185

“Every soul shall have a taste of death And only on the Day of Judgement shall you be paid your full recompense. Only he who is saved far from the fire and admitted to the Garden will have attained the object (of life). For the life of this world is but goods and chattels of deception”.

4. Paradise – Al-Jannah

Al-Jannah i.e. Paradise is a place of Perpetual bliss, in Arabic it literally means the Garden. The Qur’an describes the Jannah in great detail, such as Paradise, underneath which rivers run. It contains rivers of milk unchanging in flavor and rivers of honey purified. In it is fruit of every kind. No fatigue shall be fell neither shall they hear idle talk. There shall be no cause of sin except Peace and Peace.

5. Hell – Jahannam

Hell is a place of torment where the people undergo suffering most often described as fire, a fire whose fuel is men and stones.

6. Purnjanam is not cycle of Rebirth but life after death.

The common word used for the Doctrine of Rebirth is ‘Punarjanam’. In Sanskrit Punar or Puna means ‘next time’ or ‘again’ and Janam means ‘life’. Therefore Punarjanam means next life or the life here after. It does not means coming to life again and again. Most of the reference for Punarjanam in the other Hindu Scriptures besides the Vedas if read keeping life hereafter in mind including the quotation of Bhagavad Gita and Upanishad it give us a concept of next life or life again but not life again and again. This concept of Rebirth again and again was developed later on after the vedic period to rationalize the indifferences found in different individuals at birth and different surrounding in which people live. Since the creator Almighty can not be unjust.

Islam has a rational answer to this which we shall discuss later Insha Allah.

7. Life after death in the Vedas

There is reference to life after death in the Vedas. It’s mentioned in

a. Rigveda Book No. 10, Hymn No. 16, Verse No. 4

“The unborn portion; burn that, AGNI, with thy heat; let thy flame, thy splendour, consume it; with those glorious members which thou has given him, JATAVEDAS, bear him to the world (of the virtuous)”

The Sanskrit word Sukritam u Lokam means the world of the virtuous or region of the pious, referring to the hereafter. The next Verse i.e.

b. Rigveda, Book 10 Hymn 16, Verse 5 says.

“…Putting on (celestial) life, let the remains (of bodily life) depart let him, JATAVEDAS be associated with a body.”

This Verse too refers to a second life i.e. life after death.

8. Paradise-Swarga in the Vedas.

Swarg i.e. Paradise is described in several places in the Vedas including

Atharvaveda, Book 4, Hymn 34, Verse 6 (Devichand)

a. “May all these streams of butter, with their banks of honey, flowing with distilled water, and milk and curds and water reach thee in domestic life enhancing thy pleasure. May thou acquire completely these things strengthening the soul in diverse ways.”

It’s mentioned in

a. Atharvaveda, Book 4, Hymn 34, Verse 6 (Ved pra.)

“Having pools of clarified butter, stocks of sweet honey, and having exhilarating drinks for water, full of milk and curds, may all these streams flew to us in the world of happiness swelling sweetly. May our lakes full of Lotuses be situated near us”.

b. Its mentioned in

Atharvaveda, Book 4, Hymn 34, Verse 2

“Bereft of physical bodies, pure, cleansed with the wind, brilliant, they go to a brilliant world. The fire does not cause burning in their male organ. In the world if happiness they get plenty of women”.

c. Its mentioned in

Atharvaveda, Book 2, Hymn 34, Verse 5

May the realized ones, first of all, take the vital breath under their control from the limbs in which it has been circulating. Go to heaven, stay firm with all the parts of your body Attain the world of light and emancipation, following the path of the enlightened ones, (your predecessors).

d. It is mentioned in

Atharvaveda, Book 6, Hymn 122, Verse 3.

“O both of you, start to accomplish it; make determined effort to accomplish it. Those having unflinching faith attain this abode of happiness. Whatever ripe offerings you have made in fire of sacrifice may both, the husband and wife, stand united to guard them with care”.

8 e. It is mentioned in

Rigveda, Book 10, Hymn 95, Verse 18

“O Aila, the loud-sounding clouds, these divines say to you, since you are indeed subject to death, let your progeny propitiate your revered cosmic forces with oblations, then alone you shall rejoice (with me) in heaven”

9. Hell-Nark in the vedas

Nark or Hell is also described in the Vedas and the Sanskrit word used is ‘Narakasthanam’.

It is mentioned in

Rigveda, Book 4, Hymn 5, Verse 4

“May the bounteous fire-divine, consume them with his fiercely glowing sharp jaws like flames, who disregard the commandments and steadfast laws of most venerable and sagacious lord”.


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